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C.B. Francisco papers

Identifier: KUMC-MSS-5

Scope and Contents

The C.B. Francisco papers contain WWI orders and reports, correspondence, journals, published and unpublished manuscripts, medical school class notes, news clippings, and photographs.


  • 1904 - 1940


Conditions Governing Access

Some folders are restricted because of their sensitive nature or because they contain personal or confidential information. These records are protected by federal laws such as the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Examples of restricted records are personnel files, medical records, financial records, and any materials containing personal information such as addresses and social security numbers. Restricted materials are identified at the box and/or folder level within the finding aid. Questions about these materials may be directed to the Archivist. Access may be allowed on a case-by-case basis at the discretion of the KUMC Archives and only after a proposal has been reviewed and approved by the University of Kansas Human Subjects Committee. All requests are subject to review by the Archives staff to determine accessibility.

Conditions Governing Use

Archives staff may determine use restrictions dependent on the physical condition of materials. The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming with the laws of libel, privacy, and copyright which may be involved in the use of this collection.

Biographical / Historical

Born to William and Frances Francisco in Unionville, Missouri, on January 9, 1880, Clarence Benjamin (C.B.) Francisco was the first of three sons. In 1886, the family relocated to Gray County, Kansas, where Clarence attended the local schools and worked as a cowboy on the plains of western Kansas. The family moved to Lawrence, Kansas, in 1903, and he matriculated at the University of Kansas in 1904. He completed the clinical years towards a medical degree at the university’s Rosedale campus in Kansas City, graduating MD in 1907.

Francisco served an internship in orthopedic surgery at the New York Hospital for Ruptured and Crippled Children in New York City. In 1909, he returned to Kansas City, opened a private practice, and accepted a position as attending surgeon at Mercy Hospital (now Children’s Mercy Hospital). He was the first physician with formal orthopedic training to practice in the Kansas City area.

In 1909 Francisco was appointed instructor in orthopedic surgery at the University of Kansas Hospital, and his private practice was successful enough that he was able to tour orthopedic surgical centers in England, France, Germany and Austria. He returned to Kansas in August of 1914, shortly before the beginning of the First World War.

When the United States entered the war in April 1917, Francisco promptly volunteered to serve as a military surgeon. In Paris, Francisco was appoionted Acting Chief of Orthopedics for the American Expeditionary Forces. He was assigned a brand-new Ford and a chauffeur and traveled to regional hospitals, including Chaumont, Bourmont and Gondrecourt, presenting lectures, giving medical advice to infantry units, and inspecting feet. In addition, Francisco supervised hospitals near Meuse, France, with a total of 35,000 beds. These facilities prepared patients for evacuation by hospital ship to the United States.

Upon his return to the Kansas University Hospital in 1919, Francisco resumed his duties as Associate Professor of Clinical Orthopedics. Known nationally for his contributions to orthopedics, he was promoted to Clinical Professor of Orthopedics – a position he held until his death on February 23, 1944.


.8 Cubic Feet (2 archives boxes)

Language of Materials


Preliminary Guide to the C.B. Francisco Collection
C.B. Francisco papers
Finding aid prepared by CAW. Finding aid encoded by CAW.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Repository Details

Part of the KUMC Archives Repository

University of Kansas Medical Center
2017 Robinson, Mail Stop 1025
3901 Rainbow Boulevard
Kansas City KS 66160 United States